[14] The dental formula is 0.1.3.33.1.3.3, same as the elk. They are among the most difficult of exotic trophies to collect. On average the axis deer will stand 4 inches taller at the normal shoulder height and 6 inches longer when standing on his hind legs. Axis Deer Skin Hide Average Size: 37" X 30" Top Grade Axis Deer Hide Top Grade . Recommended hunt dates to book are from May-August when most of the males horns are hard at this time of the year.. It can be hunted in the Parque Fernando. Males sporting hard antlers are dominant over those in velvet or those without antlers, irrespective of their size. The deer were introduced to Maui island in the 1950s to increase hunting opportunities. The species was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp E rxleben in 1777. Joshua Creek Ranch offers the “best free-range Axis deer hunting in the world” including multiple exotic record book entries with Safari Club International and The Exotic Wildlife Association Trophy Game Records. Chital (, "Morphometrical relationships between South-east Asian deer (Cervidae, tribe Cervini): evolutionary and biogeographic implications", "Evolution and phylogeny of old world deer", "Systematics and evolution of the Eurasian Plio-Pleistocene tribe Cervini (Artiodactyla, Mammalia)", "Preliminary study of the behavior and ecology of axis deer on Maui, Hawaii", "Mineral composition of antlers of three deer species reared in captivity", "Group size, sex and age composition of chital (, "Mystery deer growth pitting hunters against Hawaii", "Alleged animal smugglers used helicopters to fly sheep to Maui, deer to Big Island", "New law prohibits having or releasing feral deer in Hawaii", First record of the invasive alien species Axis axis (Erxleben, 1777) (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) in Brazil, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chital&oldid=999660676, Taxa named by Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 08:32. B. Jorgensen, H. Worsaae, and D. Behymer. [1] The axis deer is protected under Schedule III of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act (1972)[36] and under the Wildlife (Preservation) (Amendment) Act, 1974 of Bangladesh. [17] Fights are not generally serious. The average size and weight for males is 3’ tall from the shoulder and 187 pounds. It is sexually dimorphic; males are larger than females, and antlers are present only on males. Urine marking is also observed; the smell of urine is typically stronger than that of the deposited scent. [14], Chital are active throughout the day. The brow tine (the first division in the antler) is roughly perpendicular to the beam (the central stalk of the antler). All Rights Reserved, Lamar University | Sul Ross State University | Texas State University, San Marcos. My average axis buck harvested on this ranch will have main beams that measure 32-35″ and score “Gold Medal”. 1979. The biggest distinction is the dark brown stripe running down the chital's back. [8] In 1827, English naturalist Charles Hamilton Smith placed the chital in its own subgenus, Axis, under the genus Cervus. Males weigh between 66-165 lb while females are lighter at just 55-99 lb. Chital have been also spotted in Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary in Bhutan, which has the only remaining natural sal (Shorea robusta) forest in the country. Hawaiian Axis Deer with Tail Beautiful Spotted Rug Hair-on Hide. [17], A gregarious animal, the chital forms matriarchal herds comprising an adult female and her offspring of the previous and the present year, which may be associated with individuals of any age and either sex, male herds, and herds of juveniles and mothers. You may see hard-antlered axis bucks throughout the year. While males weigh 30–75 kg (66–165 lb), the lighter females weigh 25–45 kg (55–99 lb). The male approaches the other in a slow gait. They have been introduced onto other continents and are a favorite of zoological gardens around the world. The antlers sweep upward and backward and have three tines off one long main beam. Axis Deer History The axis deer can be traced to the foothills of the Indian Himalayas and island of Sri Lanka ( Ceylon). 1986. Axis was revealed to be paraphyletic and distant from Hyelaphus in the phylogenetic tree; the chital was found to form a clade with Rucervus duvaucelii (barasinga) and R. schomburgki (Schomburgk's deer). "The comparative breeding ecology of four cervids in Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal". Local farmers are at risk of damage caused by axis deer populations growing and foraging in cultivated fields or gardens. The mineral content of the chital's antlers was determined to be (per kg) 6.1 milligrams (0.00022 oz) copper, 8.04 milligrams (0.000284 oz) cobalt, and 32.14 milligrams (0.001134 oz) zinc. Axis males can be in hard horn any time of the year. The species is sexually dimorphic; males are larger than females, and antlers are present only on males. The fur often bristles during the display. With an increased resistance to native diseases, axis deer are not susceptible to the same population decreases resulting from local disease outbreak. [17][25], A vocal animal, the chital, akin to the North American elk, gives out bellows and alarm barks. They can also be found on Rab Island, and the population on the two islands amounts to some 200 individuals. 1.7 m The Axis deer is a beautiful mammal with spotted body and short tail. Pending a 60-day drying period, this non-typical axis buck is potentially the new #1 SCI free-range axis deer. This ranch has some of the biggest axis deer I’ve ever seen and with 400-500 axis deer on the ranch, you will see numerous giant bucks to choose from while axis deer hunting. Axis Deer are Texas’ most populated and popular exotic. The vernacular name "chital" (pronounced /tʃiːtəl/)[4] comes from cītal (Hindi: चीतल), derived from the Sanskrit word citrala (चित्रलः), meaning "variegated" or "spotted". Series A:Medical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases, Virology, Parasitology 263(1-2): 55-64. Ramsey, Charles W. 1968. [15] A study in the Gir National Park (Gujarat, India) showed that chital travel the most in summer of all seasons. They typically remain in herds and each male has a unique breeding cycle. Thus, to conclude, we can say that if these simple minor things are kept in mind then efforts made in respect of hunting an axis deer will surely get you fruitful results. [18][19], Each of the antlers has three lines on it. Photographer: Troy D. Hibbitts Since then they have adapted very well to the warm, seasonal climate of the central part of the state. In August 2012, a helicopter pilot pleaded guilty to transporting four axis deer from Maui to Hawaii. Spacing behaviour and habitat use of axis deer (Axis axis) in lowland Nepal. $99.77. A moderate-sized deer, male chital reach … [6] Variations of "chital" include "cheetal" and "cheetul". [17] It also has well-developed metatarsal glands and pedal glands located in its hind legs. The upper parts are golden to rufous, completely covered in white spots. Fallow also have palmate antlers whereas chital have 3 distinct points on each side. [25] Chital occur sporadically in the forested areas throughout the rest of the Indian peninsula. They were kept on farms or controlled hunting sites for food purposes. © 2014 Texas Invasive Species Institute. What Does the Axis Deer Eat? Weight: Males: 134 – 2 50 pounds | Females: 95-140 pounds. [23], Hooves measure between 4.1 and 6.1 cm (1.6 and 2.4 in) in length; hooves of the fore legs are longer than those of the hind legs. The running chital has its tail raised, exposing the white underparts. Riemann H., M. R. Zaman, R. Ruppanner, O. Aalund, J. They stand on their hind legs to reach tall branches and rub the open preorbital glands to deposit their scent there. [39], Releasing them on the island of Hawaii was planned, as well, but this was abandoned after pressure from scientists over damage to landscapes caused by the deer on other islands. In 1988, self-sustaining herds were found in 27 counties, located in Central and South Texas. [43], Chital of unknown genetic origin were introduced to Brijuni Island in 1911, where they still occur today. Herds are comprised of males and females of various ages throughout the year. Their original habitat was open country at lower elevations in forested regions. [11] A phylogenetic study later that year showed that Hyelaphus is closer to the genus Rusa than Axis. [25], Individuals may occasionally bite one another. The fight terminates with the males stepping backward, or simply leaving and foraging. The abdomen, rump, throat, insides of legs, ears, and tail are all white. 2004. With adult males weighing in upwards of 250lbs and racks measuring at well over half their overall height, [5] The name of the cheetah has a similar origin. Body is compact with dainty legs. [1], The chital has been introduced to the Andaman Islands, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Paraguay, Uruguay, Alabama, Point Reyes National Seashore in California, Florida, Hawaii, Mississippi, and Texas in the United States, and the Veliki Brijun Island in the Brijuni Archipelago of the Istrian Peninsula in Croatia. Axis Deer Size & Measurements. Today the Axis Deer can be found in many countries around the world. They have a black dorsal stripe and white bib on their neck, white inner legs, stomach, and under-tail. [20] Antlers, as in most other cervids, are shed annually. The female axis deer grows to be slightly smaller, at about 28 inches tall at the shoulder, and 55 to 100 pounds. [40] Hawaiian law now prohibits "the intentional possession or interisland transportation or release of wild or feral deer. The Axis Deer is often considered the most beautiful cervid. This would allow the axis deer populations to grow out of control, while the whitetail deer suffer from local disease outbreaks. [36] Within Bangladesh, it currently only exists in the Sundarbans and some ecoparks situated around the Bay of Bengal, as it became extinct in the central and north-east of the country. As days grow cooler, foraging begins before sunrise and peaks by early morning. Introduced to Texas around 1932, they are thriving. [14] An interesting relationship has been observed between herds of chital and troops of the northern plains grey langurs, a widespread South Asian monkey. The staple of the axis deer’s diet is grass. However, population densities are below ecological carrying capacity in many places due to hunting and competition with domestic livestock. The absolute and sheer size of axis deer makes them quite appealing among hunters hunting list. The deer are thought by many to be the most beautiful deer as their coats are rust colored and covered with white spots, very similar to a White-tail fawn. The preorbital glands, larger in males than in females, are frequently opened in response to certain stimuli. In Texas, the majority of axis deer fawns are born from January to April following a 210-238 day gestation cycle. Chital benefit from the langurs' eyesight and ability to post a lookout from trees, while the langur benefit from the chital's strong sense of smell, both of which help keep a check on potential danger. Axis deer are known to occupy the same ecological niche as whitetail deer. [15] Groups are loose and disband frequently, save for the juvenile-mother herd. The female can conceive again two weeks to four months after the birth. [21][22] A study of the mineral composition of the antlers of captive barasinga, chital, and hog deer showed that the antlers of the deer are very similar. Individuals tend to group together and forage while moving slowly. [1], The chital was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777 as Cervus axis. Sparring between males begins with the larger male displaying his dominance before the other; this display consists of hissing heading away from the other male with the tail facing him, the nose pointing to the ground, the ears down, the antlers upright, and the upper lip raised. Behavior of axis deer is nearly identical to native whitetail deer with majority of activity occurring at dusk and dawn. one that looks pretty decent usually shrinks a whole lot when you walk up to it. For more information about hunting axis deer in Texas click here. Read more - Axis deer possession now illegal in Hawaii, Holoholo State News. [1] Currently, no range-wide threats to chitals are present, and they live in many protected areas. Hunting for tophy axis deer on Hawaii's sixth-largest, but least populated, island. The back side is a cuddly plush cream-colored faux fur. [29] Predators of the chital include wolves, Bengal tigers, Asiatic lions, leopards, Indian rock pythons, dholes, Indian pariah dogs, and mugger crocodiles. This stance may be adopted by nearby individuals, as well. [33] The western limit of its range is eastern Rajasthan and Gujarat. [26], When cautiously inspecting its vicinity, the chital stands motionless and listens with rapt attention, facing the potential danger, if any. The opponents then interlock their horns and push against each other, with the smaller male producing a sound at times which is louder than that produced by sambar deer, but not as much as the barasinga's. They were described by a biologist as possibly nature’s perfect deer due to the huge antlers, beautiful hide and the best venison you can eat. [15] A conspicuous black stripe runs along the spine (back bone). It was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777. One of the more unique exotic species is the Axis Deer, also known in its native country of India as the chital. They're part of the classified under the family Cervidae family, but different from the somewhat similar fallow deer. This means they compete with whitetail deer for available resources. [25], Breeding takes place throughout the year, with peaks that vary geographically. [31][32] The chital has been observed foraging with sambar deer in the Western Ghats. [17] Common mynas are often attracted to the chital. Join us for a Texas Axis hunt. Browse includes herbs, shrubs, foliage, fruits, and forbs; Moghania species are often preferred while browsing. Head-Body Length – 110 to 140 cm The upper … To schedule hunts please check for date availability on the Calendar or call 713-978-7631 or 713-973-6443 for more information. In 2012, deer were spotted on the island of Hawaii; wildlife officials believe people had flown the deer by helicopter and transported them by boat onto the island. Axis Deer Hunting. Despite their smaller size these deer are incredibly fast and strong so being patient and sure of the shot is by far the best option. Similar to the elk, these spotted deer are also extremely vocal, letting out distinctive sharp, alarm calls to communicat… Our success for 2018 has been phenomenal and we are averaging a consistent 32-33" with our largest being over 36" this season. [1] Two primary reasons for its good conservation status are its legal protection as a species and a network of functioning protected areas. This would be a non-issue and simply a benefit of the axis deer if the body size was also the same, but it’s not. A trophy axis is usually 6+ years old, weighs 160 to 210lbs with 6 points and 28+ inch beams. The pedicles (the bony cores from which antlers arise) are shorter, and the auditory bullae are smaller in the chital. Females have regular oestrus cycles, each lasting three weeks. Adult males weigh up to 200 pounds and females 35 percent less. Axis deer are closer related to elk than whitetails. [14] The tail, 20 cm (7.9 in) long, is marked by a dark stripe that stretches along its length. White bib at throat and a black stripe down the back. Axis deer (scientific name Axis axis) sport an orange coat dotted with white spots, not unlike a whitetail fawn, and white patches on their throats. The lifespan is around 8-14 years but can approach 20. [17], The chital ranges over 8–30°N in India and through Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. [20] Chital, mainly females and juveniles, bark persistently when alarmed or if they encounter a predator. (Visited 142 times, 1 visits today) The northern limit is along the Bhabar-terai belt of the foothills of the Himalaya and from Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal through to Nepal, northern West Bengal and Sikkim and then to western Assam and the forested valleys of Bhutan, which are below 1,100 m asl. Adult females are usually a bit smaller. Courtship is based on tending bonds. Occasionally there is a 4th brow tine. The chital, also known as spotted deer, chital deer, and Axis Deer, is a species of deer that is native in the Indian subcontinent. [17] In the Kanha National Park, mineral licks rich in calcium and phosphorus pentoxide were scraped at by the incisors. Axis are a medium size deer with crisp, white spots on the bright chestnut coat. Since their introduction, axis deer have escaped captivity and established in Texas, with over 6,000 free ranging animals and 40,000 kept on private hunting ranges. The abdomen, rump, throat, insides of legs, ears, and tail are all white. Free shipping . They fall asleep a few hours before sunrise, typically in the forest which is cooler than the glades. They do not occur at high altitudes, where they are usually replaced by other species such as the sambar deer. [9][3] Later Axis was elevated to generic status by taxonomists such as Colin P. Groves and Peter Grubb. [25] These deer typically move in a single file on specific tracks, with a distance of two to three times their width between them, when on a journey, typically in search of food and water sources. [25] The highest numbers of chital are found in the forests of India, where they feed upon tall grass and shrubs. It is an adaptable deer that is prized by hunters, and as such, it has been imported and introduced in many locations including Hawaii and Texas in the United States, and in countries such as Australia and Croatia. Stags reach adult size at age 4-5 while does are typically 6 before they reach their full adult size. Deer Skin Second Grade Axis Deer Hide Size: 38"X30" Antelope Rug Cheetal deer . Management of axis deer is facilitated by legalized hunting with the purchase of permits and permission to hunt on private ranges with an entrance fee. [25][29] Studies in the Nallamala Hills (Andhra Pradesh, India) and the Western Ghats (western coast of India) showed seasonal variation in the sex ratio of herds; this was attributed to the tendency of females to isolate themselves ahead of parturition. The antlers are also only three-pronged on this species of deer. [1], The chital was the first species of deer introduced into Australia in the early 1800s by Dr. John Harris, surgeon to the New South Wales Corps, and he had about 400 of these animals on his property by 1813. Because the deer have no natural predators on the Hawaiian islands, their population is growing 20 to 30% each year, causing serious damage to agriculture and natural areas. THE ANSWER IS NO. It is sexually dimorphic; males are larger than females, and antlersare present only on males. Recommended Firearm for Axis Deer: .270, .30.06, 7mm mag, .300 win [17], Marking behaviour is pronounced in males. The Journal of Wildlife Management 32(1): 187-190. The mother-fawn bond is not very strong, as the two get separated often, though they can reunite easily as the herds are cohesive. Lane, Robert S., and Willy Burgdorfer. That’s to say their breeding cycle isn’t synchronized like deer, but is asynchronous like cattle. We’re talking about the exotic Chital. This beautiful spotted deer is moderate in size with males reaching about 35 inches and females reaching about 28 inches to the shoulder. A rutting male fasts during the mating season and follows and guards a female in oestrus. Chital in the Sunderbans may be omnivores; remains of red crabs have been found in the rumen of individuals. Males reach nearly 90 cm (35 in) and females 70 cm (28 in) at the shoulder; the head-and-body length is around 1.7 m (5.6 ft). Our Trophy Axis Deer Hunt offers a great opportunity for you to hunt Axis deer at this legendary ranch . [17] Males may moan during aggressive displays or while resting. The pellets often were tear-drop shaped with a nipple on one end and a slight indention on the other; they were also other … They also prefer heavy forest cover for shade and avoid direct sunlight. It stays within 300 m (980 ft) of cover. Free ranging populations […] Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association 174(8): 841-843. It was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777. [1] The eastern limit of its range is through western Assam[34][35] to the Sunderbans of West Bengal (India) and Bangladesh. Males have well-developed preorbital glands (near the eyes). In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Gee, E.P. They are a sizable Cervid species with Axis does weighing in from 110-135lbs while bucks can weight in at up to 200lbs. They can be found in open areas during warm periods of the day, but are primarily active at dusk or dawn. Male axis deer compete for females during their rut season by fighting other males. A drop-net deer trap. Male heights range from 29 to 39.5 inches. [15], The dorsal (upper) parts are golden to rufous, completely covered in white spots. Female axis deer do not grow antlers and have a mature body size of 90 to 150 lbs while males weigh an average of 150 to 250 pounds. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. [25][30] Dominant males guarding females in oestrus make high-pitched growls at less powerful males. Behavior of axis deer is nearly identical to native whitetail deer with majority of activity occurring at dusk and dawn. The average lifespan in captivity is nearly 22 years. Free shipping . 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