What If Nazi Germany Had Built the Atomic Bomb? It also raises questions about how North Korea finally got a bomb. Even if they'd developed heavy bombers, they'd have had to fly through pretty effective air defenses, and the V-2 was nowhere close to being able to do the job. As with many other inventions, the development of the atomic bomb was not a one-man project. Dick Wolf, television producer (Miami Vice, Law & Order). The bombing of Germany decimated many towns and manufacturing centers inflicting much more damage than a few atomic bombs could do (of the size that may have been available in atomic bombs). Faced with this reality, it is just possible that the Soviets might have negotiated a separate peace with Germany. Alamogordo & the Road to Nuclear Armament. "The result would have been that we would have obliterated London but would still not have conquered the world, and then they would have dropped them on us," Karl Wirtz replied. Virgil "Spud" Davis, pro baseball catcher, coach, scout and manager. The explosion was massive and the equivalent to 18,000 tons of TNT. Groves’ argument against using a bomb in the European theatre is also interesting.Essentially he is saying that the choice not to deploy B-29s in Europe, and the choice of the B-29 as the weapon for the atomic bomb (a decision made in late 1943), had profound practical consequences.It is easy to forget that the first atomic bombs could not be dropped out of just any old … Even if they'd developed heavy bombers, they'd have had to fly through pretty effective air defenses, and the V-2 was nowhere close to being able to do the job. Thus it is impossible, even in the Star Trek universe, to imagine a plausible scenario by which Nazi Germany would have “captured the world.”. Imagine what would have happened if Germany had bought time, delayed the invasion of Russia, and developed the atom bomb before America did. President Truman authorized their use to force Japan's surrender during World War II. To begin with, the Nazis never seriously pursued an atomic weapon. The crossword clue 'Town in New Mexico, US, where the first atomic bomb was developed' published 2 time⁄s and has 2 unique answer⁄s … In October 1944, a 2nd or 3rd atomic bomb is successfully tested. The First Atomic Bomb On July 16, 1945 the first atomic bomb was exploded in the New Mexico desert. Its atomic designation became Pu239. Perhaps the most fascinating discussion was a hypothetical. Robert J. India’s first nuclear test in 1974, for example, yielded only four kilotons (versus the 20 kilotons of the Hiroshima bomb). Truly a horrifying thought, but if Germany had simply waited until the late 1940s or so to start a war, and if it had developed an atomic bomb first, it would have been nearly impossible to dislodge it from territories that its army conquered. Realistically, based on the timeline of the atomic bomb creation, there seemed little chance that Germany would be a viable target. On the box below you will find J Robert — 1943-45 director of the Los Alamos Laboratory that developed the first atomic bomb crossword clue answers as seen on Mirror Quiz Crossword. An attack on American cities was out of the question. You are here probably looking to find the answer of Aviator. In any event, not even a Lancaster-like bomber could have reached the Soviet industrial centers beyond the Ural Mountains. It was the repeated efforts of allied fliers and their command that inflicted this highly damaging blow to Germany. Invention of The Atomic Bomb. The war in Europe had been over for 2 months and Germany wasn’t our enemy anymore. That answer is time dependent. Albert Einstein’s Involvement "One can say it might have been a much greater tragedy for the world if Germany had had the uranium bomb. Even had they done so, limits on the production rate of fissionable material meant that at best, it would have required several weeks to manufacture a single atomic bomb. Keeler went on to found a pacifist movement so powerful it delayed U.S. entry into World War II, allowing Nazi Ger­many time to develop the atomic bomb first. What becomes highly probable, then, is that a protracted stalemate would have settled over Europe, finally disrupted when the United States acquired the bomb in July 1945 and employed it against Germany. Harry F. Byrd Jr., first independent ever elected to US Senate by a majority of the popular vote (Virginia). George Roy Hill, film director (Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, The Sting). Hitler decides against using the weapons. It is also a virtual certainty that the shock of a German bomb would have shaken the United States from its pacifist reverie and sparked the launch of the Manhattan Project. Branch Rickey, president of the Brooklyn Dodgers. "... the Americans are capable of real cooperation on a tremendous scale. In such circumstances, a handful of atomic bombs would scarcely have compelled the Grand Alliance to surrender. As an active WWII bombardier returning from the end of the war in Europe and preparing for combat in Japan, Howard Zinn read the headline Atomic Bomb … One could equally well say 'That's the quickest way of ending the war,'" Werner Heisenberg replied. Dog-eat-dog Social Darwinism pervaded the upper ranks of government, rendering the country unable to cooperate on such a grand and farfetched project. “With their A-bombs, and with their V-2 rockets to carry them,” Spock explains, “Germany captured the world.”. Van de Graff, physicist, invented the Van de Graaff generator. "I think it's dreadful of the Americans to have done it. HistoryNet.com is brought to you by Historynet LLC, the world's largest publisher of history magazines. In Germany, theoretical knowledge of atomic physics and the potential application of that science to weapons was abreast of that in Britain and the United States. But the fact that the Soviets had continued fighting despite the destruction of entire armies ought to have suggested that even nuclear attacks would not have stopped the Red Army. In an instant when the first bomb was dropped, tens of thousands of residents of Hiroshima, Japan were killed by “Little Boy,” the code name for the first atomic bomb used in warfare in world history. The first successful test detonation, the Trinity Test, in New Mexico only occurred on July 16, 1945. In the end, if Germany developed the bomb first, this may have led to atomic bombs being dropped in Europe and the USSR, and possibly Japan if they didn’t surrender. Given Hitler’s genocidal mania, we take it for granted he’d … Just imagine, if we had destroyed London with uranium bombs it would not have ended the war, and when the war did end, it is still doubtful whether it would have been a good thing.". Or would it have taken the course adopted historically by Germany when Italy surrendered in 1943: assume de facto control over its former ally and use it as a platform on which to continue the fight? In the Star Trek episode “The City on the Edge of Forever,” a temporarily insane Doctor McCoy passes through a time portal. ", "You cannot prevent its development," Gerlach replied. What if Nazi Germany had managed to build their bomb? Of necessity, such landings had to be geographically concentrated, making them ideal targets. "If [the Americans] were able to complete it in the summer of 1945, we might have had the luck to complete it in the winter 1944/45.". The first atomic bomb was built in 1945, after 5 years of research and development with the Manhattan Project. HistoryNet.com contains daily features, photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines. The United States government became aware of the German nuclear program in August 1939, when Albert Einstein wrote to President Roosevelt, warning \"that it may become possible to set up a nuclear chain reaction in a large mass of uranium by which vast amounts of power and large quantities of new radium-like elements would be generated.\" The United States was in a race to develop an atomic bomb believing whoever had the b… It could easily have been much less. If they had developed it in 1940 they would have used it on France or the UK to force their surrender with much less cost in manpower and materials. That would have been impossible in Germany," Horst Korsching opined. The fission bomb, the type of bomb the U.S dropped on Hiroshima, Japan on 6 August 1945, was developed first. He told him, “The atomic bomb projects of the U.S. and Germany are progressing. Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo, elder daughter of King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia of Spain; fourth in line of succession to the Spanish throne. The massive rain of atomic bombs implicit in the Star Trek scenario was therefore out of the question. Seventy-two years ago yesterday, the United States dropped the atomic bomb for the first time. If they developed it in early 1941 they would have probably tried to smuggle it to Moscow and … Keeler went on to found a pacifist movement so powerful it delayed U.S. entry into World War II, allowing Nazi Ger­many time to develop the atomic bomb first. The obliteration of Hiroshima left at least 90,000 Japanese soldiers and civilians dead. Implacably, the guardian of the portal explains, “Your vessel, your beginning—all that you knew—is gone.” McCoy had somehow changed Earth’s history, with catastrophic results. "I believe the reason we didn't do it was because all the physicists didn't want to do it, on principle. Shielded from Nazi attack by the Atlantic Ocean, America would have eventually developed a bomb of its own, and used it either to deter further Nazi gains or, from bases in Britain or the Soviet Union, rained destruction upon Germany. Harvey Firestone, industrialist and tire maker. By this time, Germany had already officially surrendered and ended their participation in the war. For ideological reasons, the Nazis would have been tempted to target Soviet forces: from the outset, the Nazis had regarded Bolshevism as a menace that must be totally eradicated. Bettor loses fortune on brutal 2-point conversion. The first atomic bomb (the Gadget) was assembled from 11-13 July 1945 and detonated on 16 July 1945. Nazi Germany’s Rejection of “Jewish Physics” Theoretically, by the 1930s Germany had a jump on the rest of the world in atomic research. Although the German atomic bomb effort was fruitless, the Americans didn’t know that at the time and the U.S plunged into research in atomic weapons. Two American atomic bombs ended World War II in August 1945, and the devastation will be forever remembered. It was there that ten German scientists thought to have worked on the Nazi nuclear program were detained. Atomic bomb - Atomic bomb - Development and proliferation of atomic bombs: The first atomic bomb was built in Los Alamos, New Mexico, during World War II under a program called the Manhattan Project. In any event, V-2 rockets could not have carried the immensely heavy early atomic bombs. It also raises questions about how North Korea finally got a bomb. The Manhattan Project literally created new cities, employed more than 130,000 people, and cost roughly $27 billion in today's dollars. The original plan was to detonate an atomic bomb in the continental United States. "One can't say that. Those early bombs were very heavy and Germany had nothing powerful enough to deliver it anywhere. London and a few other British cities might have been leveled, but would this have caused the British government to make a separate peace? “With their A-bombs, and with their V-2 rockets to carry them,” Spock explains, “Germany captured the world.” When it comes to World War Two technology, the country that most people focus on is Germany. Why didn’t Germany wait and develop an atomic bomb first? Three days later, mankind's first nuclear salvo was followed by the second (and hopefully last) use of … Given that reality, how could Germany have best wielded its newly acquired weapon? ", Later, he told Walter Gerlach, "I am thankful that we were not the first to drop the uranium bomb. Eventually Spock discovers that history pivots on the moment when McCoy saves a remarkable woman, Edith Keeler, from a fatal accident. We know about their discussions because every room of the house, called Farm Hall, was bugged. The use of plutonium for bombs would have several advantages over U235: greater explosive power, smaller size and weight, and easier manufacturing. The Western Allies would have made better targets, since they could only get at Germany via amphibious landings. Many of the world’s top nuclear physicists were German or Austrian, or worked closely with German or Austrian colleagues. Circa late 1942 or early 1943, Premier Hideki Tojo called Minister of War Gen. Toranosuke Kawashima to his office. But one of the most fascinating discussions occurred the very day the bomb was dropped, in a large manor house situated in the quiet, countryside town of Godmanchester in Britain. “With their A-bombs, and with their V-2 rockets to carry them,” Spock explains, “Germany captured the world.” Yet another questionable assumption is that a German bomb would have been equivalent to the Hiroshima bomb. The landing party sent to retrieve him discovers that it has lost contact with the orbiting starship Enterprise. Even given the problems associated with its military-scientific research, many believe that Germany was probably less than two years away from making an atomic bomb. The first atomic bombs were used in August of 1945. In an instant when the first bomb was dropped, tens of thousands of residents of Hiroshima, Japan were killed by “Little Boy,” the code name for the first atomic bomb used in warfare in world history. The first successful test detonation, the Trinity Test, in New Mexico only occurred on July 16, 1945. The ethics and legacy of America's decision to drop the bomb remains contentious to this day, debated endlessly by all manner of thinkers. A controversial book about Japan’s race to build an atomic weapon in 1945 is published there for the first time. I think it is madness on their part," Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker said. Nazi Germany’s Rejection of “Jewish Physics” Theoretically, by the 1930s Germany had a jump on the rest of the world in atomic research. The Nazis did not have a bomber with sufficient lift to carry them, either. Scientists figured that the temperature at the center of the explosion was three times hotter than at the center of the sun. (Historically, the Siege of Leningrad claimed eight times the number of civilians killed in Nagasaki.) J. Robert Oppenheimer - WW II, Atomic Bomb & Facts - Biography This imagined possibility provides one of the most compelling moments of the entire Star Trek series—and has provoked the imagination of many a history buff as well. In desperation, Kirk and Spock go back in time to find McCoy, determine how he changed history, and stop him. On July 16, 1945, the United States detonated the first atomic bomb near Alamogordo, New … Even granting Nazi acquisition of the bomb in July 1943—two years before the United States achieved this feat—and arbitrarily giving the Germans a bomber with a range and payload comparable to Britain’s Lancaster heavy bomber, the Third Reich would have faced not a single adversary comparable to 1945 Japan, but rather three nations firmly on the offensive and demonstrably winning the war. The allied governements are aware this test happened. A controversial book about Japan’s race to build an atomic weapon in 1945 is published there for the first time. Underscoring Soviet resilience was the fact they suffered 20 million dead—the equivalent of 200 Hiroshimas—and still continued to fight. By this time, Germany had already officially surrendered and ended their participation in the war. "I was afraid to think of the bomb, but I did think of it as a thing of the future, and that the man who could threaten the use of the bomb would be able to achieve anything.". While the Allies didn't end up learning the specifics of the Nazi nuclear weapons program, they did capture a number of candid and emotional conversations between some of the giants of the physics community regarding the grave, destructive weapon that they had helped unleash upon the world. By 1945 they had developed the two types of bombs. Adam Powell, Welsh game designer; co-founder of Neopets and Meteor Games companies. Allied forces were keen to know how close Nazi Germany had come to creating their own atomic bomb, so for six months, they confined the German scientists to the manor and eavesdropped on everything they uttered. Moreover, if the Nazis had somehow reached cities in England and Russia, that would not necessarily have compelled these adversaries to surrender. Those early bombs were very heavy and Germany had nothing powerful enough to deliver it anywhere. If we had all wanted Germany to win the war we would have succeeded," Weizsäcker argued. The development, test, and use of the first atomic bomb by the United States during World War II. Thanks god you are in the right site! Work on a possible atomic bomb ran concurrently in Germany and Britain from the late 1930s onwards. It could not develop them as war-winning weapons, both because of the demands of … The Manhattan Project developed two types of nuclear bombs, although history of the atomic bomb precedes 1945. Seventy-two years ago yesterday, the United States dropped the atomic bomb for the first time. A discovery by nuclear physicists in a laboratory in Berlin, Germany, in 1938 made the first atomic bomb possible, after Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassman discovered nuclear fission. While the United States would build successful atomic reactors and both uranium and plutonium bombs by the end of the war, the German scientists never approached a … The probability of German victory through use of atomic bombs diminishes still further when one considers events as they actually unfolded, with America’s entry into the war in December 1941. Amongst them were two Nobel Prize winners, Max von Laue and Werner Heisenberg, and one future winner, Otto Hahn, the man who, along with Lise Meitner, first discovered nuclear fission. But the final outcome would be similar – the Allies would win for a variety of reasons, like … Keeler went on to found a pacifist movement so powerful it delayed U.S. entry into World War II, allowing Nazi Ger­many time to develop the atomic bomb first. The obliteration of Hiroshima left at least 90,000 Japanese soldiers and civilians dead. In telling contrast, historically the Red Army—although buffeted by disaster upon disaster—eluded strategic defeat and eventually assumed the offensive. On July 2nd 1944, the first bomb is completed. Los Alamos was approved as the site for the main atomic bomb scientific laboratory on November 25, 1942, by Brig. World War II, not a hypothetical World War III, would thus have become the first nuclear conflict. Even had this occurred, would the United States have withdrawn from Britain? Target's secret weapon has huge holiday start. Others were more focused on why Germany did not succeed in building their own bomb. If we are behind, we will lose the war. Japan Developed an Atomic Bomb in WW2. Japan developed and successfully tested an atomic bomb three days prior to the end of the war…..She destroyed unfinished atomic bombs, secret papers and her atomic bomb … Realistically, based on the timeline of the atomic bomb creation, there seemed little chance that Germany would be a viable target. "If we had started this business soon enough we could have got somewhere," Weizsäcker said. The most obvious approach, the destruction of cities á la Hiroshima, was in fact problematic. No one person 'developed and introduced' the atomic bomb. Gymnastics coach accused of emotional abuse speaks out German scientists almost developed the first nuclear weapon, but the United States achieved it first. Several people discovered and developed certain aspects of the bomb, and even before the first bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, scientists across the world were working on nuclear projects. Because it is only one bomb and the design haven´t been tested yet, the use of it is delayed enough for the invasion of France to succede, making Plan A impossible. The phenomenal capacity of the Soviet Union to absorb destruction would argue against the efficacy of simply destroying Russian cities. But a determined spoilsport can poke a number of holes in it. Others contended that the real reason for Germany's failure rested with the bureaucracy. It was a German scientist, Otto Hahn, who first split the atom in 1938. A better approach, considering the numerous reversals of Germany’s fortune on the battlefield, would have been the tactical use of the bomb against enemy armies. Nazi Germany could have developed nuclear weapons if it had won the war. There was too much distrust, too much competition. Alan Parsons, musician (The Alan Parsons Project); producer who was involved with The Beatles' Abbey Road and Pink Floyd's The Dark Side of the Moon. Otto Hahn, who felt personally responsible, expressed remorse and regret. Two atomic bombs barely sufficed to defeat Japan, and then only after the Japanese had suffered irreversible battlefield defeats and the fire-bombing of most of their cities. The apocalyptic mushroom cloud over Nagasaki and the 39,000 casualties that accompanied it were enough to force Japan's surrender in World War II six days later. Three days later, mankind's first nuclear salvo was followed by the second (and hopefully last) use of nuclear weapons. German’s mere possession of an atomic bomb would therefore have rendered D-Day and a second front out of the question. "Once I wanted to suggest that all uranium should be sunk to the bottom of the ocean. Two American atomic bombs ended World War II in August 1945, and the devastation will be forever remembered. We were not the first to drop the uranium bomb pursued an bomb. The final outcome would be a viable target develop an atomic bomb therefore. 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