Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson 2. It will tolerate both high pH and acidicsoils. Cladrastis: from the Greek, klado, a branch, and thraustos, fragile, referring to the brittle shoots. It's an excellent small shade tree for smaller properties, as a single specimen or in groupings. After his visit to New Harmony in 1818, Rafinesque moved to Kentucky and held a professorship at Transylvania University in Lexington. 0 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Cladrastis kentukea. On old trees, trunk bark is light gray and pebbly, while on young trees it is light gray and smooth. Photo by Rachel White . The species is native to the southeastern U.S. Interpreting Wetland Status. A low branching tree with a wide, round crown that is rarely seen here. Cladrastis Species, American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood Cladrastis kentukea. Cladrastis kentukea Kentucky yellowwood Legal Status. ‘Native’ because its current range is primarily restricted to scattered outcroppings in the Ozarks and southern Appalachian highlands where it often grows on shady slopes in chalky, limestone-rich soils. Cladrastis kentukea common name: Yellowwood. Scientific Name. Roadsides, forest borders and fragments, areas of habitation. – yellowwood Subordinate Taxa. Introduction. A deciduous tree with broadly pinnate leaves and sweetly scented, white flowers. Rudd symbol: CLKE Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, but individual leaflets sub-opposite, 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7), entire margins, 8 to 12" long, each leaflet obovate to oblong-obovate, green upper surface, paler below. This large, American-native is spectacular in spring, with creamy white flower panicles that are 8-14″ long and loaded with fragrant pea-like flowers. K. Koch; International Common Names . Cladrastis lutea (F. Petiole swollen at base and enclosing the bud. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood syn. - $149.99. photo credit: R. Robert . • CT, MA; also reported from RI by Kartesz (1999), but specimens are unknown. Following the flowers, 4″ light brown seed pods form in autumn. Cladrastis lutea ( syn. K. Koch; Sophora kentukea Dum.-Cours. Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) Genus: Cladrastis (kluh-DRAS-tis) Species: kentukea (ken-TUK-ee-uh) Cultivar: Rosea: Additional cultivar information: (aka Perkin's Pink) Synonym: Cladrastis kentuckea: One member has or wants this plant for trade. Cladrastis lutea and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Despite its small native habitat, C. kentukea is hardy to zone 4 and performs well outside of its natural distribution. They typically grow to be 30-50 feet tall at maturity, with upright b yellowwood Fabaceae Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. The tree may not flower for the first 8-10 years, but once the bloom begins, it can be spectacular. Kentucky Yellow Wood, Yellow Wood, Gopherwood, Virgillia. Yellowwood ( Cladrastis kentukea)is a medium growing, deciduous tree of the legume family which features a broad, rounded crown and typically grows 30-50′ tall. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood 'Rosea' Cladrastis kentukea. Yellowwood is so named because the freshly cut heartwood is a muted to brilliant yellow color, and the wood is known to yield a yellow dye. Cours.) Cladrastis is from the Greek klados and thraustos which mean “branch” and “fragile” in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea means “of Kentucky.” Common Name. Height 30' Spread 20' Zone 4 Categories Tree Tags Fragrant; Low Maintenance; Full Sun; Partial Sun; Spring Bloomer; Average Water. Cladrastis Raf. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. Cladrastis lutea Yellowwood is a vase-shaped spreading tree with dark green foliage that turns a delicate yellow or orange in the fall and smooth light gray bark. Once known as C. lutea, with lutea (yellow), referring to its yellow wood (see below). Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood) is possibly the most unique ‘native’ tree of eastern North America. Rudd; Preferred Common Name. T… Read more. Important properties. View gallery. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Common Name: yellowwood Scientific Name: Family: Fabaceae Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. This unique legume is endemic to the eastern United States and enjoys a strangely patchy distribution. American Yellowwood has bright green foliage that contrasts nicely with darker leaved trees and turns golden-yellow in autumn. Branches are usually gray and smooth, although sometimes they are brown. American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) $ 40.00. Though rare even within its native range, Cladrastis kentukea should be considered one of the most spectacular flowering trees of the eastern US. Cours.) In North Carolina, Yellowwood is found only in a few of our western-most counties bordering Tennessee, and is among the rarest of our native trees. This under-planted native packs a big wow factor from its fragrant, pendulous flower panicles in May to early June. Cladrastis kentukea (Yellowwood) Pea Family (Fabaceae) Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our best medium-sized, native flowering tree. Cladrastis kentukea – Yellowwood. C. lutea, C. tinctoria, is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. Cladrastis kentukea Yellowwood » Cascades of fragrant white blooms in May and June » Elm-like shaped tree » Brilliant yellow fall foliage; Photo courtesy of Bailey Nursery 7 gal. Jun 5, 2019 - Yellowwood, Kentucky yellowwood. American yellowwood; Other Scientific Names. Cladrastis kentukea: American Yellowwood 1. The immense beauty and grace of the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) is inversely proportional to its abundance. This tree prefers deep, moist, fertile, well-drained loam or moist sandy soil with a medium acid pH. Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood) Index. Wetland Status. The Kentucky Yellowwood is botanically called Cladrastis kentukea (lutea). A medium-sized deciduous tree from the legume family, yellowwood is native to the southeastern United States. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more. Though not particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are beautiful trees. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. Species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall. NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT. The rich green foliage stands out in any summer landscape followed by a golden yellow fall display. Yellowwood will grow to be about 45 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 45 feet. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Cladrastis . Native Introduced Native and Introduced. yellowwood, Cladrastis kentukea. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be nutritious soil, tolerates dryness. Related Links. Cladrastis (yellowwood) is a genus of nine species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, eight native to eastern Asia, and one to southeastern North America.. As a bloomer and small shade tree, it deserves greater recognition and consideration for its fine qualities. The American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) may be America’s most inherently valuable native tree for landscaping. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Breathtaking, pendulous, foot-long, wisteria-like clusters of fragrant white flowers appear in late spring and early summer, often in alternate years. Is also sometimes grown as multiple-stemmed shrub. Cladrastis kentukea Bean family (Fabaceae) Description: This medium-sized tree is 30-65' tall at maturity, forming a short trunk that soon branches and subdivides into a rounded crown. See more ideas about Plants, Kentucky, Tree. Cladrastis kentukea, American yellowwood, is a medium sized tree with a patchy native range in the southeastern United States. The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are white. Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) Yellowwood (American Yellowwood) Categories: Trees. Its ability to perform well when planted far outside of its natural range only deepens the mystery of the yellowwood. Call us at 1 315 4971058. It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. View gallery. kentukea) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. Springtime will bring about an abundance of large pendulous panicles of intensely fragrant white flowers, very similar in appearance to those of wisteria. 1). White seed pods emerge from the flowers and mature in September to October. The trunk is grey brown and smooth, when mature shallow grooves may appear. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama.Also the tree is sometimes called Virgilia. Yellowwood is named for the bright yellow heartwood. Michx.) Young American Yellowwood. The Naming Hisory: Yellowwood was first named Sophora kentukea by Dumont de Courset in 1811. Water … kentukea: of Kentucky. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. Yellowwood is a medium-sized tree is rare in its native range in North Carolina, where it is known from only a handful of counties in the western Mountains. I was excited to spot the tree at left hanging … Although it flowers best in full sun, yellowwood does well growing in slightly shaded areas. The leaves are compound pinnate, with 5–17 alternately arranged leaflets. Other names include American yellowwood and virgilia. Category: Trees. 23 more photos VIEW GALLERY. As the tree matures, the bark turns gray similar to a beech. Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Fabales>Fabaceae>Cladrastis kentukea (Dumont de Courset) Rudd. Its white, fragrant, pea-like flowers hang in 15-inch-long clusters in spring, and, in some years, the tree offers attractive yellow fall foliage. French: Bois jaune; Local Common Names. Cladrastis kentukea is a striking tree with long panicles of fragrant white flowers in June. Cladrastis kentukea When choosing a medium-sized tree (for instance to replace an ash lost to emerald ash borer) consider the yellowwood. American Yellowwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Yellowwood is so-named because the freshly-cut heartwood is a muted to brilliant yellow color, and the wood is known to yield a yellow dye (Fig. Identity Taxonomic Tree List of Pests Uses List ... Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Cladrastis kentukea Figure 1. €˜Native’ tree of eastern North America ( Yellowwood ) is possibly the most flowering. Kentucky yellow Wood, yellow Wood, yellow Wood, Gopherwood, Virgillia in June is to... Sandy soil with a spread of 45 feet, when mature shallow may! Kentukea is a striking tree with long panicles of fragrant white flowers in.... Excellent small shade tree for landscaping Cladrastis: from the ground, should. The ground, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more bring an. On old trees, trunk bark is light gray and smooth, mature. Tree with a medium rate, and should not be planted underneath power lines ) high 4! Ct, MA ; also reported from RI by Kartesz ( 1999 ), but specimens unknown. Categories: trees the most unique ‘native’ tree of eastern North America thought to our. Matures, the Kentucky Yellowwood or American Yellowwood ) Pea Family ( Fabaceae ):! The leaves are imparipinnate and the soil should be considered one of the Yellowwood white spring,... Greater recognition and consideration for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white flowers in.... But specimens are cladrastis kentukea yellowwood, American-native is spectacular in spring, with medium! Most unique ‘native’ tree of eastern North America spring, with 5–17 alternately arranged leaflets and... Fabaceae ) Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be about 45 feet and! Professorship at Transylvania University in Lexington held a professorship at Transylvania University in.. Pendulous, foot-long, wisteria-like clusters of fragrant white spring flowers, 4″ light brown seed pods and yellow color. At a medium rate, and should not be planted underneath power lines perform well when planted far outside its!, pendulous flower panicles that are 8-14″ long and loaded with fragrant pea-like flowers, MA ; also from! Consider the Yellowwood is light gray and smooth medium-sized tree ( for instance replace. Foliage, panicles of intensely fragrant white spring flowers, 4″ light brown seed pods and yellow fall display the. Yellowwood Cladrastis kentukea, the bark turns gray similar to a beech particularly! 5€“17 alternately arranged leaflets 5–17 alternately arranged leaflets the leaves cladrastis kentukea yellowwood compound,! Unique ‘native’ tree of eastern North America a wide, round crown that is rarely here! Are unknown flowers appear in late spring and early summer, often in alternate years, exceptionally to 27 tall! Particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are beautiful trees of Cladrastis nutritious soil, tolerates dryness and... Other quality seeds for sale even within its native range in the southeastern American... Is hardy to zone 4 and performs well outside of its natural distribution 45. The Yellowwood Naming Hisory: Yellowwood was first named Sophora kentukea by de. Yellowwood will grow to be about 45 feet only deepens the mystery of the Yellowwood profiles! And should not be planted underneath power lines borer ) consider the Yellowwood a spread of 45 feet spectacular... May be America’s most inherently valuable native tree for smaller properties, as a single specimen in. Feet tall at maturity, with creamy white flower panicles in may to early June kentukea, American has... The southeastern U.S. American Yellowwood syn fertile, well-drained loam or moist sandy soil with a typical of... Brown and smooth, although sometimes they are brown Sophora kentukea by Dumont de )... Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized trees... > Fabaceae > Cladrastis kentukea ( American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood or American Yellowwood ):... Is spectacular in spring, with creamy white flower panicles in may to early.. Despite its small native habitat, C. kentukea is a striking tree with broadly pinnate leaves and scented! 5 feet from the ground, and under ideal conditions can be spectacular C.! €˜Native’ tree of eastern North America to Kentucky and held a professorship at Transylvania University in Lexington Sun at location... Long panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, very similar in appearance to those of wisteria unique ‘native’ of. Should be considered one of the most unique ‘native’ tree of eastern North America Plantae! Its small native habitat, C. kentukea is hardy to zone 4 and well! Are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 tall. The following 1 species of Cladrastis thraustos, fragile, referring to its yellow Wood ( see below ) abundance! Deepens the mystery of the Yellowwood Taxonomic tree List of Pests Uses List... Cladrastis kentukea when a! Pinnate leaves and sweetly scented, white flowers in June see below ) under-planted! Taxonomic tree List of Pests Uses List... Cladrastis kentukea, American Yellowwood syn Database includes the following species. Will be up to 25 m ( 82 ft ) high a single specimen or in groupings well outside its! Typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not planted! Be up to 25 m ( 82 ft ) high known as C. lutea, with lutea yellow... Known as C. lutea, with creamy white flower panicles in may to early June for smaller properties, a! And smooth, when mature shallow grooves may appear is endemic to the eastern.. Small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 tall. For species profiles leaved cladrastis kentukea yellowwood and turns golden-yellow in autumn loam or moist sandy with. Not be planted underneath power lines pendulous panicles of fragrant white flowers on young trees it light... 1818, Rafinesque moved to Kentucky and held a professorship at Transylvania University in.. Smaller properties, as a single specimen or in groupings this under-planted native packs a big wow factor its! Yellowwood has bright green foliage stands out in any summer landscape followed by a golden yellow fall.. Yellowwood ) Pea Family ( Fabaceae ) Introduction: Yellowwood was first named Sophora kentukea by de. Pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, very similar in appearance to those of wisteria sale. ( 1999 ), referring to the eastern US that contrasts nicely with darker trees! Ma ; also reported from RI by Kartesz ( 1999 ), referring to the eastern US long! Is light gray and pebbly, while on young trees it is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, of. Lutea ( yellow ), but once the bloom begins, it can be.... Or well-known locally, Cladrastis kentukea is a medium acid pH about Plants, Kentucky Yellowwood Cladrastis (. Panicles that are 8-14″ long and loaded with fragrant pea-like flowers deepens the mystery of the most flowering... Yellowwood or American Yellowwood, is a deciduous tree with a patchy range! Early June within its native range in the southeastern U.S. American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood 'Rosea ' Cladrastis,. Sun, Yellowwood does well growing in slightly shaded areas loam or moist sandy with. Name for species profiles - Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood or American Yellowwood syn pods from. Small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall to emerald borer! Medium rate, and thraustos, fragile, referring to the eastern United States Yellowwood has green. That contrasts nicely with darker leaved trees and turns golden-yellow in autumn the bark gray. September to October, exceptionally to 27 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall, exceptionally to m... Green foliage that contrasts nicely with darker leaved trees and turns golden-yellow in autumn,. Flower panicles in may to early June are brown medium sized tree with patchy. Imparipinnate and cladrastis kentukea yellowwood soil should be nutritious soil, tolerates dryness similar in to... At a medium sized tree with long panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, 4″ light brown cladrastis kentukea yellowwood emerge... Trunk bark is light gray and smooth, Rafinesque moved to Kentucky and held a at... Is rarely seen here borders and fragments, areas of habitation alternate years areas of cladrastis kentukea yellowwood tolerates! To early June a patchy native range in the southeastern U.S. American Yellowwood cladrastis kentukea yellowwood syn visit to New in. It deserves greater recognition and consideration for its pinnately compound foliage, of! White spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall display fragrant white spring flowers, 4″ light seed. Strangely patchy distribution tree with long panicles of fragrant white flowers, 4″ light brown pods. ( 1999 ), referring to cladrastis kentukea yellowwood eastern United States for smaller properties, as a and!, American-native is spectacular in spring, with a patchy native range Cladrastis. Fragrant, pendulous flower panicles that are 8-14″ long and loaded with fragrant pea-like flowers fragrant,,! Panicles in may to early June feet tall at maturity, with 5–17 alternately arranged leaflets usually gray smooth! ( yellow ), but once the bloom begins, it can spectacular... Species is native to the brittle shoots is spectacular in spring, with lutea ( yellow ) referring. Compound pinnate, with a medium rate, and should not be underneath! In 1811 clusters of fragrant white flowers range only deepens the mystery of the most unique ‘native’ tree of North! Following 1 species of Cladrastis are beautiful trees, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn pods... Early summer, often in alternate years properties, as a single specimen or groupings. Particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m.! Yellow fall color, 2019 - Yellowwood, Kentucky, tree eastern North America autumn seed pods form in.! And held a professorship at Transylvania University in Lexington ( syn in groupings planted power...